Meditation as a Psychotherapeutic Tool
Problems of Modern Psychology : Collection of research papers of Kamianets-Podilskyi National Ivan Ohiienko University, G. S. Kostiuk Institute of Psychology of the National Academy of Educational Sciences of Ukraine
Медитація як психотерапевтичний інструмент
The article presents the results of an implementation of meditations into the Ukrainian practice of psychocorrection of human mental disorders and an adaptation of meditations to the socio-cultural features of Ukraine. The modern understanding of the term «meditation» and the possibility of using neurointerfaces for training and daily practice of meditations are considered in the study. The expediency of studying the electrical activity of the brain in laboratory and field conditions has been
... nditions has been determined. The aim of the article is systematization of the theoretical, methodological and practical principles of the possibility to use meditations to preserve the mental health of Ukrainian citizens. Methods and techniques of the research. The EMOTIV Epoc+ mobile 14 channel neurointerface was used to study the meditation. We have used EEG monitoring software to visualize brain electrical activity and to get transformed EEG indicators in the form of basic cognitive-emotional indicators: MyEMOTIV, EMOTIV Brain Activity Map and EmotivPRO. The empirical sample was 75 veterans. Results. The influence of meditations on the mental condition of a human has been shown. It has been shown that happiness is a trained skill through daily meditation practice. Adaptation of secular meditations for the correction of post-traumatic stress disorder is presented within the cognitive-behavioral therapy. The changes in central nervous system activity while meditative session are characterized, they manifest themselves as intensified activity of integrative brain system, increased awareness and control of cognitive processes, emotional sphere and functional states of mind among 75 veterans. Conclusions. Summarizing the findings and interpreting the cognitiveemotional indicators, it was concluded that implementation of meditations into the practice of psychocorrection of human mental disorders was efficient. The author has proved that the main criterion for the classification of the process of meditation should be the EEG patterns of human cognitive activity more than his/her behaviour. It is recommended to use the neurointerface in the course of psychocorrection of mental disorders.