Association between serum n-3 polyunsaturated fatty acids and quadriceps weakness immediately after total knee arthroplasty
Quadriceps weakness (QW) following total knee arthroplasty (TKA) can be elicited by tourniquet-induced ischaemia reperfusion (IR), which causes a vigorous acute inflammatory response. Dietary n-3 polyunsaturated fatty acids (PUFA) are important determinants of organ and tissue protection from IR. This study aimed to examine the association between serum n-3 PUFA levels and QW, knee pain, and knee swelling immediately after TKA. A total of 32 patients who underwent unilateral TKA participated in
... TKA participated in this prospective study. On Postoperative Day 1, serum n-3 PUFA (eicosapentaenoic acid and docosahexaenoic acid) levels were measured. Preoperatively and on Postoperative Day 4, quadriceps strength, knee pain during quadriceps testing, and knee circumference were measured. QW, knee pain, and knee swelling were defined as changes in quadriceps strength, knee pain during quadriceps testing, and knee circumference, respectively, between the preoperative to the postoperative measurement. Mean serum n-3 PUFA levels were 192 μg/mL (standard deviation, 58 μg/mL) on Postoperative Day 1. All measured variables changed significantly between the preoperative and the postoperative measurement time-points (P <0.01). Quadriceps strength decreased from 1.2 to 0.4 Nm/kg (QW = -65%). Knee pain during quadriceps testing increased from 1.1 to 6.0 (knee pain = 4.0). Knee circumference increased from 40 to 44 cm (knee swelling = 10%). Multivariate analysis showed that lower serum n-3 PUFA levels were independently associated with an increased QW after adjusting for the Kellgren-Lawrence grade and the tourniquet time (P = 0.04). No significant relationship was observed between serum n-3 PUFA levels and knee pain or knee swelling. Higher serum n-3 PUFA are independently associated with a lower increase in the QW immediately after TKA.