European transport: challenges and opportunities for future research and policies

Peter Nijkamp, Marina van Geenhuizen
1997 Journal of Transport Geography  
Environmental issues have received a prominent place in transport policies of most European countries. The coordination of such policies however, is fraught with many difficulties. The increasing C-eight flows after the European integration are a source of concern, but have not yet led to straightforward and effective environmental strategies. The paper focuses on the Trans Alpine freight transport systems in the light of the future integration of single national transport systems into the
more » ... ean transport network. The environmental, social and institutional peculiarities of this 'region' have favoured -in the pastthe development of strong nationally-oriented policies, partly in contrast with the goals promoted by the European Union. The present analysis aims to highlight opportunities and limits inherent in the implementation of various iniiastructure projects oriented towards a drastic change of the Alpine transport systems structure. The Alpine countries, viz. Austria and Switzerland, play a central role in the promotion of environmental benign modes of transport of goods, with a clear focus on rail. The route choice and modal split of freight flows in Europe are simultaneously taking place. In the paper the results of European freight flow models (based on logit analysis and neural networks) will be presented. An important exercise is then to assess the consequences of various types of eco-taxes on road transport in Europe. In this context, several policy scenarios will be dealt with.
doi:10.1016/s0966-6923(96)00041-5 fatcat:mgre64yje5dl7hmoxjdrjo2daq