Utility of "loco-check," self-checklist for "locomotive syndrome" as a tool for estimating the physical dysfunction of elderly people

Yasumoto Matsui, Marie Takemura, Atsushi Harada, Fujiko Ando, Hiroshi Shimokata
2013 Health (Irvine, Calif.)  
Aim: A new concept of locomotive syndrome has been proposed by the Japanese Orthopaedic Association. The aim of this study is to clarify the utility of its self-checklist, "loco-check," as a tool for estimating the physical dysfunction of elderly people. Methods: Subjects were 1124 community-dwelling Japanese people, 557 men and 567 women, aged 40 -89 years. Information about the seven "loco-check" items was obtained from present inquiry sheets. Physical functions were examined by grip
more » ... ed by grip strength, knee extension strength, walking speed and one-leg standing time with open eyes. The averages of these test values, controlled for age and BMI, were compared between the "loco-check" (+) group and the "loco-check" (−) group. Also we examined about the trend of decline of physical function, together with SF36 physical function subscale score, as the number of the items chosen increased. Results: Adjusted average values of all four physical function examinations in the "lococheck" (+) group were significantly lower than those of the "loco-check" (−) group (all, p < 0.001). Also the adjusted average values of the majority of four tests were significantly lower in those who checked each of the "lococheck" items than those who did not, for most of the items. It was also revealed that the more items subjects checked, the lower the adjusted average values were, except for one-leg standing time. It was also the case with SF36 physical function subscale score. Conclusion: We showed the utility of "loco-check" as a simple tool not only for noticing the physical dysfunction of elderly people, but also for estimating the extent of it, except for balancing ability, particularly by counting the number of checked items.
doi:10.4236/health.2013.512a013 fatcat:rqorld74frctlhugukmk62hqs4