Barriers to and facilitators of implementation of the integration of oncology and palliative care in daily practice: a systematic review [post]

Yu Uneno, Yoshiki Horie, Yuki Kataoka, Masanori Mori, Mami Hirakawa, Takaaki Suzuki, Takako Eguchi Nakajima, Chikako Shimizu, Satoru Tsuneto, Tatsuya Morita, Manabu Muto
2021 unpublished
Background: Palliative care (PC) is widely recognized as an essential part of oncology care, and multiple academic societies have developed strong recommendations regarding the implementation of the integration of oncology and PC (IOP) in daily practice. However, IOP implementation is a slow- evolving process, and its barriers and facilitators have not yet been comprehensively identified. This systematic review aimed to clarify the barriers to and facilitators of IOP in the context of treating
more » ... atients with advanced cancer.Methods: We searched Ovid MEDLINE, Embase, and Cumulative Index of Nursing and Allied Health Literature until June 3, 2017. We included original articles, narrative and systematic reviews, guidelines, editorials, commentaries, and letters. After title and abstract screening by two of five independent reviewers, we analyzed the data qualitatively using inductive content analysis and a consolidated framework for implementation research. Results: We obtained 3,304 articles, of which 60 met the predefined eligibility criteria. The numbers and proportions of original and review articles, guidelines, and other article types were 21 (35%), 30 (50%), 3 (5%), and 7 (12%), respectively. Five categories emerged regarding both the barriers to and facilitators of IOP: intervention characteristics, outer settings, inner settings, individual characteristics, and process. The representative barriers were limited availability of and access to PC services, limited educational opportunities for PC providers, insufficient reimbursement and research funding toward PC services, focus on cure rather than care (patients and their caregivers), and insufficient communication between oncology and PC staff (n = 26, 16, 14, 13, and 7, respectively). The representative facilitators were improvement of the availability of and access to PC services, development of an optimal integrated care model, enrichment of educational opportunities regarding PC (healthcare professionals), and initiatives by government and academic societies (n = 24, 18, 25, and 7, respectively).Conclusions: This study clarified the multi-level barriers to and facilitators of the implementation of IOP. Educational and financial support from the government and academic societies appears essential, and further effort to develop and investigate the implementable care delivery model is warranted.Registration: PROSPERO:CRD42018069212
doi:10.21203/ fatcat:s6edzpxunjg33g5dan57ju6at4