On Detection, Data Association and Segmentation for Multi-target Tracking
IEEE Transactions on Pattern Analysis and Machine Intelligence
In this work, we propose a tracker that differs from most existing multi-target trackers in two major ways. Firstly, our tracker does not rely on a pre-trained object detector to get the initial object hypotheses. Secondly, our tracker's final output is the fine contours of the targets rather than traditional bounding boxes. Therefore, our tracker simultaneously solves three main problems: detection, data association and segmentation. This is especially important because the output of each of
... ose three problems are highly correlated and the solution of one can greatly help improve the others. The proposed algorithm consists of two main components: structured learning and Lagrange dual decomposition. Our structured learning based tracker learns a model for each target and infers the best locations of all targets simultaneously in a video clip. The inference of our structured learning is achieved through a new Target Identity-aware Network Flow (TINF), where each node in the network encodes the probability of each target identity belonging to that node. The probabilities are obtained by training target specific models using a global structured learning technique. This is followed by proposed Lagrangian relaxation optimization to find the high quality solution to the network. This forms the first component of our tracker. The second component is Lagrange dual decomposition, which combines the structured learning tracker with a segmentation algorithm. For segmentation, multi-label Conditional Random Field (CRF) is applied to a superpixel based spatio-temporal graph in a segment of video, in order to assign background or target labels to every superpixel. We show how the multi-label CRF is combined with the structured learning tracker through our dual decomposition formulation. This leads to more accurate segmentation results and also helps better resolve typical difficulties in multiple target tracking, such as occlusion handling, ID-switch and track drifting. The experiments on diverse and challenging sequences show that our method achieves superior results compared to competitive approaches for detection, multiple target tracking as well as segmentation.