Wastewater-irrigated urban vegetable farming in Ethiopia: A review on their potential contamination and health effects

Dejen Gashaye, Fatih Yildiz
2020 Cogent Food & Agriculture  
In response to rapid urbanization and increase in population, there is water scarcity and growing demand for water for irrigation. Nowadays, use of wastewater in agriculture for production of vegetables is controversial due to its benefits and negative health impacts. Thus, the objective of this paper is to review the benefits and potential health risks in wastewater-irrigated vegetables. Urban vegetable farming by using wastewater can contribute a wide range of benefits to improved
more » ... mproved livelihoods. In Ethiopia, the wastewater is the only means of survival. The average income from wastewater farming has a vital role, and majority of the wastewater farm households report that they benefit from the wastewater. Despite the great importance of irrigating vegetable crops with wastewater, as a food source for the urban community and as income generation, it is subject to numerous constraints and is causing high health risks like cholera, typhoid, etc., among consumers of wastewater-irrigated produce. Depending on reviewed documents, about potential contamination and health effects of wastewater-irrigated Dejen Gashaye
doi:10.1080/23311932.2020.1772629 fatcat:2c65lzdqrzbtrc7f4qelbip3ym