Budding of a Retrovirus: Some Assemblies Required

Kevin M. Rose, Vanessa M. Hirsch, Fadila Bouamr
2020 Viruses  
One of the most important steps in any viral lifecycle is the production of progeny virions. For retroviruses as well as other viruses, this step is a highly organized process that occurs with exquisite spatial and temporal specificity on the cellular plasma membrane. To facilitate this process, retroviruses encode short peptide motifs, or L domains, that hijack host factors to ensure completion of this critical step. One such cellular machinery targeted by viruses is known as the Endosomal
more » ... s the Endosomal Sorting Complex Required for Transport (ESCRTs). Typically responsible for vesicular trafficking within the cell, ESCRTs are co-opted by the retroviral Gag polyprotein to assist in viral particle assembly and release of infectious virions. This review in the Viruses Special Issue "The 11th International Retroviral Nucleocapsid and Assembly Symposium", details recent findings that shed light on the molecular details of how ESCRTs and the ESCRT adaptor protein ALIX, facilitate retroviral dissemination at sites of viral assembly.
doi:10.3390/v12101188 pmid:33092109 fatcat:ehj7pj6teffbfhmqpebk7t2ftu