A CRITICAL ANALYSIS OF THE IMPACT OF DROUGHT ON SUBSISTENCE FARMERS' LIVELIHOODS, FOOD SECURITY AND WELL-BEING
This paper grapples with the question: What is the impact of drought to subsistence farmers' livelihoods, food security and well-being? The main objective of the study was; how subsistence farmers had managed to cope with recurrent droughts and to maintain acceptable levels of drought risk, and realise comparatively better flora and fauna in semi-arid regions of Zimbabwe. This study employed a Case Study method embedded in interpretivist philosophy paradigm and utilized open ended household
... ended household questionnaires and interview guide to generate data (administered at household levels and in Focus Group discussions (FGDs). Data generation was guided by the principle of data saturation and qualitative data analysis techniques (using emerging themes and NVivo software to analyse generated data and information). In the field data as generated was analysed in thematic patterns and further analysed utilizing NVivo software. Participants to the study consisted of household heads and District Authorities as key informants. The Sustainable Livelihood Framework (SLF) was used as the Conceptual Framework for the study with the Theory of Change (TOC) as theoretical framework. The study revealed that recurrent droughts in Bulilima district had devastating effects on subsistence farmers' livelihoods, food security and well-being. The negative impacts of drought were, inter alia, environmental degradation, broken community social networks, diminished livelihoods, reduced crop production and death of livestock and even loss of human life.