A Grey Wolf-Based Method for Mammographic Mass Classification
Breast cancer is one of the most prevalent cancer types with a high mortality rate in women worldwide. This devastating cancer still represents a worldwide public health concern in terms of high morbidity and mortality rates. The diagnosis of breast abnormalities is challenging due to different types of tissues and textural variations in intensity. Hence, developing an accurate computer-aided system (CAD) is very important to distinguish normal from abnormal tissues and define the abnormal
... e the abnormal tissues as benign or malignant. The present study aims to enhance the accuracy of CAD systems and to reduce its computational complexity. This paper proposes a method for extracting a set of statistical features based on curvelet and wavelet sub-bands. Then the binary grey wolf optimizer (BGWO) is used as a feature selection technique aiming to choose the best set of features giving high performance. Using public dataset, Digital Database for Screening Mammography (DDSM), different experiments have been performed with and without using the BGWO algorithm. The random forest classifier with 10-fold cross-validation is used to achieve the classification task to evaluate the selected set of features' capability. The obtained results showed that when the BGWO algorithm is used as a feature selection technique, only 30.7% of the total features can be used to detect whether a mammogram image is normal or abnormal with ROC area reaching 1.0 when the fusion of both curvelet and wavelet features were used. In addition, in case of diagnosing the mammogram images as benign or malignant, the results showed that using BGWO algorithm as a feature selection technique, only 38.5% of the total features can be used to do so with high ROC area result at 0.871.