Extraction Method of Crack Signal for Inspection of Complicated Steel Structures Using A Dual-Channel Magnetic Sensor

Minoru Hayashi, Taisuke Saito, Yoshihiro Nakamura, Kenji Sakai, Toshihiko Kiwa, Izumi Tanikura, Keiji Tsukada
2019 Sensors  
Conventional eddy current testing (ECT) using a pickup coil probe is widely employed for the detection of structural cracks. However, the inspection of conventional ECT for steel structures is difficult because of the magnetic noise caused by the nonuniform permeability of steel. To combat this challenge, we have developed a small magnetic sensor probe with a dual-channel tunneling magnetoresistance sensor that is capable of reducing magnetic noise. Applying this probe to a complicated
more » ... omplicated component of steel structures—such as the welds joining a U-shaped rib and deck plate together—requires the reduction of signal fluctuation caused by the distance (liftoff) variations between the sensor probe and the subject. In this study, the fundamental crack signal and the liftoff signal were investigated with the dual-channel sensor. The results showed that the liftoff signals could be reduced and differentiated from the crack signals by the differential parameters of the dual-channel sensor. In addition, we proposed an extraction technique for the crack signal using the Lissajous curve of the differential parameters. The extraction technique could be applied to the inspections not only for flat plates but also for welded angles to detect cracks without the influence of the liftoff signal.
doi:10.3390/s19133001 fatcat:it6mfva2hzdmfmnbl6cwgajwkq