Evaluation of ST2 as an early marker of heart failure with a preserved left ventricular ejection fraction in patients with persistent atrial fibrillation
Russian Journal of Cardiology
Aim. To assess the diagnostic value of soluble ST2 (sST2) for early detection of heart failure with a preserved ejection fraction (HFpEF) in patients with persistent atrial fibrillation (AF).Material and methods. A total of 165 patients hospitalized with AF paroxysm were examined. The inclusion criteria were the persistent AF and LVEF >50% according to echocardiography. A cohort of 60 patients with persistent AF and preserved LVEF was formed. Patients were divided into 2 equal groups of 30
... l groups of 30 people depending on the HF presence, assessed on the basis of LV diastolic dysfunction with or without left atrial enlargement >34 ml/m2 or left ventricular mass index >110 g/m2 in men and 95 g/m2 in women, as well as an increase in the N-terminal prohormone of brain natriuretic peptide (NT-proBNP) >125 pg/ml. LVEF was calculated using the Simpson method; assessment of LV diastolic function was carried out with determination of transmitral flow velocity characteristics and visualization of mitral annulus motion. The NT-proBNP concentration was determined in blood serum using the Biomedica Group reagent (Austria), sST2 — using Presage ST2 (Critical Diagnostics, USA) by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay on an Immulite 1000 analyzer (DPC, USA).Results. In patients with HFpEF and persistent AF, the correlation analysis showed a direct strong relationship between NT-proBNP and sST2 (r=0,726; p<0,05). To assess sST2 as a diagnostic criterion for HF, ROC curve was constructed. It was shown that with sST2 ≥16 ng/ml (AUC=0,89), the sensitivity of the method was 80%, the specificity — 83%.Conclusion. In patients with a persistent AF, serum sST2 concentration ≥16 ng/ml can be used as an alternative to the NT-proBNP criterion for early diagnosis of HFpEF.