Percutaneous kyphoplasty for osteoporotic vertebral compression fractures via unilateral versus bilateral approach
Objective To evaluate the efficacy of percutaneous kyphoplasty (PKP) for thoracolumbar osteoporotic vertebral compression fractures (OVCFs) via unilateral versus bilateral approach. Methods All patients who underwent PKP surgery for OVCFs in our hospital between June 2016 and December 2018 were included in this study. The pedicles were divided into two groups according to the manner of vertebral body puncture, which were as follows: unilateral pedicle puncture group (unilateral group, n=47) and
... al group, n=47) and bilateral pedicle puncture group (bilateral group, n=39).The operative time, amount of cement perfusion, correction angle of kyphosis, pain score before and after surgery, and leakage rate of bone cement were evaluated in all patients. The average follow-up was 19 months (range 13-34 months). Results The average age of patients who met the inclusion criteria, but not the exclusion criteria, was 76 years, and a total of 121 vertebral bodies were studied. There were 7 cases of postoperative bone cement leakage (unilateral group, 14.9%) and 6 cases of postoperative bone cement leakage (bilateral groups, 15.4%). There were differences in operative time and amount of cement perfusion between the two groups were statistically significant (P<0.05). There was no significant increase in age, body mass index, pain index during follow-up, treatment outcome, correction angle of kyphosis, and cement leakage rate between the two groups (P>0.05). Moreover, there was no significant difference in sex and bone cement leakage rate between the two groups by Pearson x 2 test (P>0.05). Conclusion Patients with OVCFs could obtain similar satisfactory clinical results via both unilateral and bilateral PKP approaches. However, the unilateral PKP approach is more advantageous as it has a shorter operative time, requires lesser cement volume, causes minimal trauma, is less costly, and results in lesser complications than the bilateral approach.