Virulence genes of Escherichia coli in diarrheic and healthy calves

Ana Umpiérrez, Déborah Ernst, Magalí Fernández, Martín Oliver, María L. Casaux, Rubén D. Caffarena, Carlos Schild, Federico Giannitti, Martín Fraga, Pablo Zunino
2020 Revista Argentina de Microbiología  
Escherichia coli ETEC, EPEC, NTEC and STEC/EHEC pathotypes are often isolated from bovine feces. The objective of this study was to detect 21 E. coli virulence genes in feces from 252 dairy calves in Uruguay (149 with neonatal diarrhea - NCD - and 103 asymptomatic). Genes iucD, f17A, afa8E, papC, clpG and f17G(II) were the most prevalent (81.3%; 48.4%; 37.3%; 35.7%; 34.1%; 31.3%, respectively). Genes eae, stx1and stx2 were poorly represented; 13/252 animals harbored one or a combination of
more » ... combination of these genes. The prevalence of the cnf gene was 4.4%, while that of cdt-IV and cdt-III genes was 24.2% and 12.7% respectively. This study reports updated data about the virulence profiles of E. coli in dairy calves in Uruguay. A large number of adhesins and toxin genes were detected. Our results demonstrate that E. coli from bovine feces has diarrheagenic and extraintestinal profiles although other NCD risks factors may contribute to the disease outcome.
doi:10.1016/j.ram.2020.04.004 pmid:32553726 fatcat:z7wgtktjlzhmrk4uh2drhutrg4