An analysis of preoperative delays prior to radical cystectomy forbladder cancer in Quebec
Canadian Urological Association Journal
The province of Quebec has the highest incidence of urothelialtumours in Canada. Radical cystectomy remains the standard treatment for invasivebladder cancer. We have previously observed that prolonged delays betweentransurethral resection of bladder tumour (TURBT) and radical cystectomy leadto worse survival in Quebec.Objective: The aim of our study was to characterize the various periods of delaysustained by bladder cancer patients before radical cystectomy across Quebecand to determine their
... to determine their relation to survival.Methods: We obtained the billing records for all patients treated with radicalcystectomies for bladder cancer across Quebec from 1990 to 2002. Collectedinformation included patient age and sex; dates of family physician (FP) andspecialist visits with accompanying diagnoses; dates of cystoscopy, TURBT andCT scanning; surgeon age; surgical volume and dates of death.Results: We analyzed a total of 25 862 visits for 1633 patients. Median diagnosticdelays from FP to specialist, then to cystoscopy, then to TURBT and finallyfrom TURBT to CT were 20, 11, 4 and 14 days, respectively, over the entirestudy period. Median overall delay from FP visit to radical cystectomy was93 days. In addition, median FP to radical cystectomy delay progressivelyincreased from 1990 to 2000 from 58 to 120 days (p < 0.01). Multivariate analysesshowed that patients with an overall delay of either < 25 or > 84 dayshad a 2.1 and 1.4 times increased risk of dying, respectively (p ≤ 0.01).Conclusion: Preoperative delays have been progressively increasing over time.Overall, delays from FP to radical cystectomy of < 25 and > 84 days may translateinto worse outcomes. Poor survival in cases with < 25 days delay maybe attributed to case selection, with more advanced cases being managed muchquicker. Poor survival in cases with delays of > 84 days may be attributed todisease progression while awaiting completion of management.