Cloned Porcine Embryos can Maintain Developmental Ability after Cryopreservation at the Morula Stage

Kazuaki NAKANO, Hitomi MATSUNARI, Naoki NAKAYAMA, Buko OGAWA, Mayuko KUROME, Masashi TAKAHASHI, Mitsuhito MATSUMOTO, Hitoshi MURAKAMI, Yuji KAJI, Hiroshi NAGASHIMA
2011 Journal of reproduction and development  
The aim of the present study was to clarify the overall efficiency of porcine somatic cell nuclear transfer (SCNT) by incorporating cryopreservation of the cloned embryos before transfer. The SCNT embryos reconstructed with preadipocytes and in vitro-matured (IVM) oocytes were cultured to harvest morula stage embryos; they were then subjected to delipation (removal of cytoplasmic lipid droplets) and vitrification. After warming and culture, the embryos developing to blastocysts were transferred
more » ... ts were transferred to recipients to obtain cloned piglets. From 372 reconstructed embryos, 188 (50.5%) reached the morula stage and 117 (31.5%) developed to blastocysts after vitrification. Transfer of 98 (26.3%) morphologically normal blastocysts gave rise to 6 (1.6%) piglets, including 1 stillborn. The efficiency of the cloned piglet production was comparable with that obtained using SCNT embryos without cryopreservation (2.7%, 17/ 635). Here, we demonstrate that porcine somatic cell cloning can be performed without a significant reduction in efficiency even when the SCNT embryos are cryopreserved before transfer.
doi:10.1262/jrd.10-142a pmid:21242653 fatcat:qqowcnu435datb6myd2bsl77te