Trend of emergency department presentations for influenza like illness: Differences between pandemic (2009-2010) and post-pandemic (2010-2011) season
Health (Irvine, Calif.)
The aim of this paper is to analyze differences between incidence, characteristics and outcomes of patients with Influenza Like Illness (ILI) presenting to a teaching public hospital in Central Italy during pandemic influenza season (2009-2010) and during the post-pandemic outbreak (2010-2011). We performed a retrospective descriptive study, and we identified Emergency Department (ED) presentations for ILI, relying on hospital discharge data administrative database. Bivariate analyses for the
... analyses for the outcome of hospital admission were performed for both seasons and a multiple logistic regression model has been developed to evaluate which factors were independently associated with hospital admission. Among all the ED presentations (51,757), visits for ILI were respectively 821 (3.1%) during the pandemic season, and 704 (2.8%) during the postpandemic one. The pandemic cohort differs significantly from the post-pandemic cohort for every characteristic investigated, with the exception of the length of stay in the ED. Overall in 2009-2010 there were more ED presentations compared to the following season, but hospital admission rates were less than in 2010-2011. Further studies are needed to assess if other variables may affect the use of the ED for ILI in order to try to plan staff and hospital organization.