Nonlinear Multivariate Calibration of Shelf Life of Preserved Eggs (Pidan) by Near Infrared Spectroscopy: Stacked Least Squares Support Vector Machine with Ensemble Preprocessing

Lu Xu, Si-Min Yan, Chen-Bo Cai, Xiao-Ping Yu, Jian-Hui Jiang, Hai-Long Wu, Ru-Qin Yu
2013 Journal of Spectroscopy  
This paper aims at developing a rapid and nondestructive method for analyzing the shelf life of preserved eggs (pidan) by near infrared (NIR) spectroscopy and nonlinear multivariate calibration. A major concern with a nonlinear model is that the noncomposition-correlated spectral variations among pidan objects of different batches and production dates would unnecessarily increase model complexity and cause overfitting and degradation of prediction. To reduce the negative influence of unwanted
more » ... uence of unwanted spectral variations, stacked least squares support vector machine (LS-SVM) with an ensemble of 62 commonly used preprocessing methods is proposed to automatically optimize data preprocessing and develop the nonlinear model. The analysis results indicate that stacked LS-SVM can obtain stable calibration model, and the prediction accuracy is improved compared with models with single-preprocessing methods. Since LS-SVM is much faster than its ordinary counterparts, stacked LS-SVM with ensemble preprocessing can be performed within an acceptable computational time. When the objects and spectral variations are very complex, the proposed method can provide a useful tool for data preprocessing and nonlinear multivariate calibration.
doi:10.1155/2013/797302 fatcat:2sjn23brnnan3as7w5xrh4h2ey