HIV testing amid COVID-19: community efforts to reach men who have sex with men in three Kenyan counties

Manas Migot Odinga, Samuel Kuria, Oliver Muindi, Peter Mwakazi, Margret Njraini, Memory Melon, Bernadette Kombo, Shem Kaosa, Japtheth Kioko, Janet Musimbi, Helgar Musyoki, Parinita Bhattacharjee (+1 others)
2020 Gates Open Research  
In comparison to European and American countries, Kenya has been less impacted by the COVID-19 pandemic in terms of reported cases and mortalities. However, everyday life has been dramatically affected by highly restrictive government-imposed measures such as stay-at-home curfews, prohibitions on mobility across national and county boundaries, and strict policing, especially of the urban poor, which has culminated in violence. This open letter highlights the effects of these measures on how
more » ... measures on how three community-based organizations (CBOs) deliver HIV programs and services to highly stigmatized communities of men who have sex with men living in the counties of Kisumu, Kiambu and Mombasa. In particular, emphasis is placed on how HIV testing programs, which are supported by systematic peer outreach, are being disrupted at a time when global policymakers call for expanded HIV testing and treatment targets among key populations. While COVID 19 measures have greatly undermined local efforts to deliver health services to members and strengthen existing HIV testing programs, each of the three CBOs has taken innovative steps to adapt to the restrictions and to the COVID-19 pandemic itself. Although HIV testing in clinical spaces among those who were once regular and occasional program attendees dropped off noticeably in the early months of the COVID-19 lockdown, the program eventually began to rebound as outreach approaches shifted to virtual platforms and strategies. Importantly and unexpectedly, HIV self-testing kits proved to fill a major gap in clinic-based HIV testing at a time of crisis.
doi:10.12688/gatesopenres.13152.2 fatcat:trc4stsdrrcjjcqcj4axytwbfa