Spanish validation of the Family Questionnaire (FQ) in families of patients with an eating disorder

Ana R Sepúlveda, Dimitra Anastasiadou, Laura Rodríguez, Carmen Almendros, Patricia Andrés, Francisco Vaz, Montserrat Graell
2014 Psicothema  
The objective of this study is to evaluate the psychometric properties of the Spanish version of the Family Questionnaire (FQ) and to further examine the differences between mothers' and fathers' emotional response to an eating disorder (ED). A total of 382 carers of patients with an ED participated in the study, with ages ranging from forty to fifty-three years old. The use of confirmatory factor analysis according to gender supported both factor models of the FQ, with only minor differences
more » ... minor differences in comparison to the original study performed in 2002 by Wiedemann and collegues. The internal consistency of the Spanish version of the FQ was good. Mothers displayed significantly higher levels of emotional over-involvement than fathers, while gender differences in critical comments were nonsignificant. The correlation of the two subscales of the FQ with a conceptually related measure (Expressed Emotion) and two unrelated ones (negative caregiving experience, distress) supports the convergent and concurrent validity of the instrument in both samples. The FQ has adequate psychometric properties and may be of value in assessing the impact of ED symptoms on the family environment. Finally, interventions that aim to reduce Expressed Emotion in carers may consider a gender-specific approach.
doi:10.7334/psicothema2013.310 pmid:25069550 fatcat:ljc7iefiqzdivdf7vzfjxn4ycq