The point prevalence of respiratory syncytial virus in hospital and community-based studies in children from Northern Australia: studies in a 'high-risk' population

Gabrielle McCallum, Keith Grimwood, Victor Oguoma, Amanda Leach, Heidi Smith-Vaughan, Lesley Versteegh, Anne Chang
2019 Rural and remote health  
Combined data from 11 hospital and community-based studies of children aged less than 18 years who lived in communities with a high burden of acute and chronic respiratory illness showed that RSV was second only to HRV as the most prevalent virus detected across all settings. RSV was the most frequently detected virus in infants hospitalised with bronchiolitis, including those aged less than 6 months. In contrast, RSV was uncommonly detected in children in community settings. In northern
more » ... In northern Australia, effective maternal and infant RSV vaccines could substantially reduce RSV bronchiolitis-related hospitalisations, including admissions of Indigenous infants from remote communities.
doi:10.22605/rrh5267 pmid:31759384 fatcat:cctjsjp5znb75daw6dkf36ayte