ON GRAMMAR SEMANTICS OF THE ADJECTIVES ЧЕЛОВѢЧЬ AND ЧЕЛОВѢЧЬСКЪ IN OLD RUSSIAN CHRONICLES
О ГРАММАТИЧЕСКОЙ СЕМАНТИКЕ ПРИЛАГАТЕЛЬНЫХ ЧЕЛОВѢЧЬ И ЧЕЛОВѢЧЬСКЪ В СТАРОРУССКИХ ЛЕТОПИСЯХ

Liliia Faatovna Kilina, Udmurt State University, Elena Ivanovna Kolosova, Kazan Federal University
2020 Philology and Culture  
The current article studies the language features of Old Russian chronicles, provided in the historic subcorpus of the National Corpus of the Russian Language, in particular the functions of the человѣчь (человечий) и человѣчьскъ (человеческий) adjectives in the texts of the chronicles. The article highlights the issue of identifying grammar semantics as a separate section and analyzes researchers' opinions on this problem. The diachronic method of research has enabled us to trace the history
more » ... trace the history of the studied adjectives grammar meaning formation in the Old Russian language and explain the differences in the usage of cognate adjectives with different lexical valency. Thus, we can note a close semantic connection between the adjective and the noun, from which it was derived (lexeme человѣкъчеловек). We have established that the adjectives чловѣчь, чловѣчьнъ, чловѣчьскъ were used in Old Russian texts without any semantic differences. The Old Russian language is known to have used the suffix -jь (-ии) to express a sense of belonging to a certain person (cf. божии). The texts of chronicles show that the adjective человѣчь was not used in this context since it was formed from the generic name -человѣкъ -not from a specific one. The adjective человѣчьскъ, which uses the suffix -ьск-to express a broader meaning of relating to gender (cf. человѣчь and человѣчьскъ)has a similar meaning to the word человѣчь. These adjectives started growing semantically closer quite early (such examples can be found even in the Old Russian language), thus, they could collocate with the same nouns rendering the meaning of category (gender) affiliation. As a result of this study, we have come to the conclusion that grammar semantics of the examined units is determined by their lexical semantics.
doi:10.26907/2074-0239-2020-61-3-62-67 fatcat:u44lyjldnfadhkzll3luxrmft4