Precipitation projection using a CMIP5 GCM ensemble model: a regional investigation of Syria

Rajab Homsi, Mohammed Sanusi Shiru, Shamsuddin Shahid, Tarmizi Ismail, Sobri Bin Harun, Nadhir Al-Ansari, Kwok-Wing Chau, Zaher Mundher Yaseen
2019 Engineering Applications of Computational Fluid Mechanics  
The possible changes in precipitation of Syrian due to climate change are projected in this study. The symmetrical uncertainty (SU) and multi-criteria decision-analysis (MCDA) methods are used to identify the best general circulation models (GCMs) for precipitation projections. The effectiveness of four bias correction methods, linear scaling (LS), power transformation (PT), general quantile mapping (GEQM), and gamma quantile mapping (GAQM) is assessed in downscaling GCM simulated
more » ... lated precipitation. A random forest (RF) model is performed to generate the multi model ensemble (MME) of precipitation projections for four representative concentration pathways (RCPs) 2.6, 4.5, 6.0, and 8.5. The results showed that the best suited GCMs for climate projection of Syria are HadGEM2-AO, CSIRO-Mk3-6-0, NorESM1-M, and CESM1-CAM5. The LS demonstrated the highest capability for precipitation downscaling. Annual changes in precipitation is projected to decrease by −30 to −85.2% for RCPs 4.5, 6.0, and 8.5, while by < 0.0 to −30% for RCP 2.6. The precipitation is projected to decrease in the entire country for RCP 6.0, while increase in some parts for other RCPs during wet season. The dry season of precipitation is simulated to decrease by −12 to −93%, which indicated a drier climate for the country in the future. ARTICLE HISTORY
doi:10.1080/19942060.2019.1683076 fatcat:n5xqj4aexjckbo5zlg6xor2t34