Stamen morphoanatomy of Dyckia Schult.f. (Bromeliaceae, Pitcairnioideae) species: new data for taxonomic use

Jordano Dorval Tavares de Carvalho, João Marcelo Santos de Oliveira, Cesar Carvalho de Freitas, Meriélem Saldanha Martins
2016 Acta Botânica Brasílica  
Th is study presents a morphoanatomical analysis of Dyckia ibicuiensis, D. polyclada and D. racinae stamens. Flowers at anthesis were desiccated and their stamens were processed using common microtechniques for light microscopic analysis. Morphologically, the androecium in these species is diff erentiated by the disposition of the stamens around the gynoecium and by general anther characteristics. Included stamens, with antesepalous fi laments diff erent from those of the antepetalous, anthers
more » ... epetalous, anthers in a radial disposition, always curved, and sporangia facing the gynoecium characterize D. ibicuiensis and D. racinae. Th is confi guration results from the fi lament connation, as well as special anatomical characteristics of the anthers, such as the connective with thickenings. In addition, these species are diff erentiated by the U-shaped thickening in the endothecium. D. polyclada is characterized by its small, free and exserted stamens, with a very short common tube, its anthers, that are not curved or organized around the gynoecium, and its divergent sporangia. Th e anatomical and morphological characteristics identifi ed here are important for characterization of these species. Considering that the androecium is important in the delimitation of Dyckia, the increased use of these data should be equally important for other species and infrageneric groupings.
doi:10.1590/0102-33062016abb0112 fatcat:vi7f55us75djpldzjigjmfjyta