Surface phenotyping and quantitative proteomics reveal differentially enriched proteins of brain-derived extracellular vesicles in Parkinson's disease [article]

Tanina Arab, Yiyao Huang, Rajini Nagaraj, Evan Gizzie, Javier Redding-Ochoa, Juan C Troncoso, Olga Pletnikova, Tatiana Boronina, Robert N Cole, Vasiliki Mahairaki, David A Routenberg, Kenneth W Witwer
2022 bioRxiv   pre-print
Extracellular vesicles (EVs) are produced by all cell types and are found in all tissues and biofluids. EV proteins, nucleic acids, and lipids are a "nano-snapshot" of the parent cell that may be used for novel diagnostics of various diseases, including neurodegenerative disorders. Currently, diagnosis of the most common neurodegenerative movement disorder, Parkinson's disease (PD), relies on manifestations of late-stage progression, which may furthermore associate with other neurodegenerative
more » ... iseases such as progressive supranuclear palsy (PSP). Here, we profiled surface markers and other protein contents of brain-derived extracellular vesicles (bd-EVs) from PD (n= 24), PSP (n=25) and control (n=24). bdEVs displayed tetraspanins and certain microglia, astrocyte, and neuron markers, while quantitative proteomics revealed enrichment of several proteins in PD vs. control and/or PSP, including clathrin heavy chain 1 and 14-3-3 protein gamma. This characterization of EVs in the source tissue provides insights into local dynamics as well as biomarker candidates for investigation in peripheral fluids.
doi:10.1101/2022.10.17.512628 fatcat:mmeyvuntebdw7cshkxwoqvpg3u