Reviews of Books

1898 English Historical Review  
38Q REVIEWS OF BOOKS April fl, when, as the least biassed of advisers, it really played much the same r6le as that of the German chancellor at the Berlin congress half a century later. But if Prussia was a less important factor in the eastern crisis of the twenties than the author would have us believe, no one can deny that her position between Russia and Austria, her old comrades of the Holy Alliance, was very difficult, and that Count von Bernstorff, though no Bismarck, merits more
more » ... its more recognition for his skill than he either claimed for himself or has received from his critics. Dr. Binghoffer deserves praise for what has been, as he says,' a labour of years.' His book is an interesting, if rather dull, contribution to the literature of the Eastern question, and his collection of documents will be found useful by historians. The book contains rather a formidable list of errata, and in its perusal we have found several more, such as the transposition of ersten and letzten in the first lines of the preface, and fremdem iozfremden on p. 4. The place mentioned on p. 174 should be Kustendji. W. A CABEVUL examination of both the facts and the opinions expressed in Mr. Phillips's pages leads one to the conclusion that the author has not exposed himnpif to the charge of partisanship. Above all else, his book is characterised by common sense, and he knows too much of human nature to suppose that all ancient Greeks were heroes and sages, and that all modern Greeks were cutthroats and savages. He makes due allowance also for the obvious fact, which some critics overlook, that Christian races for centuries under the rule of the Turk cannot be blamed for sharing on their emancipation some of the vices of slaves. The difference between the Montenegrins, who have never bowed the neck to the Turk, and their fellow Serbs of Servia sufficiently illustrates this point. It is interesting to observe that Mr. Phillips inclines, against Fallmerayer, to the belief in the continuity of the Greek race. It has always seemed incredible to* me that any one who has observed the modern Athenians, both physically and mentally, could doubt their right to be regarded as the descendants of the average Athenians, whom Aristophanes satirised and Thucydides and St. Paul described, due allowance being made for the vicissitudes of the people during the centuries that have elapsed since those days. And Mr. StUlman, who has had more practical experience of the modern Greeks than almost any contemporary writer, has pointed out in an essay that the Homeric Odysseus ' of many wiles' is a common type among the islanders of our own time. Mr. Phillips bases his narrative on such recognised authorities as Mendelssohn-Bartholdy, Prokesch-Oaten, Gordon, and Finlay (but why not on Mr. Tozer's edition of the last historian ?) A much less trustworthy guide is M. Lemaitre, whose book is avowedly an attempt to blacken the oriental Christians, and, in Mr. Phillips's own words, 'can only sometimes be taken seriously.' It is only fair to add that the author uses it with considerable reserve. Following these lines, he rapidly describes the principal events of the war down to the arrival of King Otho in Greece, giving character sketches of important persons, such as Miaoulis, whose disinterestedness he justly praises; Kolettes, whom he regards as a combination of eastern cunning and at Cambridge University on July 30, 2015 Downloaded from THIS handsome and attractive volume will be gladly welcomed by visitors to Cambridge who desire to have ready to hand a well-condensed authori-
doi:10.1093/ehr/xiii.l.388 fatcat:xl3o5l4lbrd7tpvbl2epyfc23e