In vitro melanogenesis inhibition by fluphenazine and prochlorperazine in normal human melanocytes lightly pigmented

Michał Otręba, Artur Beberok, Dorota Wrześniok, Ewa Buszman
2018 DARU  
Purpose Fluphenazine and prochlorperazine as phenothiazine-class antipsychotic drugs are widely used to treat schizophrenia, however their use is associated with significant side effects such as extrapyramidal symptoms, as well as ocular and skin disorders. Our goal was to determine the effect of fluphenazine and prochlorperazine on cell viability and melanogenesis in lightly pigmented normal human melanocytes. Methods The viability of melanocytes was evaluated by the WST-1 colorimetric assay,
more » ... olorimetric assay, while melanin content and tyrosinase activity were tested spectrophotometrically. Results It has been shown that both phenothiazines induce the concentration-dependent loss in cell viability. The EC 50 values were calculated to be 6.13 and 0.63 μM for fluphenazine and prochlorperazine, respectively. Fluphenazine in the concentration of 5.0 μM and prochlorperazine in concentrations of 0.5 and 0.75 μM decreased melanin content and tyrosinase activity. The observed inhibition of melanogenesis may be explained by the decrease of enzyme activity. Conclusions The demonstrated changes in melanization process in lightly pigmented cells exposed to fluphenazine and prochlorperazine in vitro suggest a significant role of melanin and melanocytes in the mechanisms of undesirable side effects of these drugs in vivo.
doi:10.1007/s40199-018-0206-4 pmid:30159761 fatcat:5oszlbtboreppcf7qxcycxflu4