The Effect of Overweight Status on Total and Metastatic Number of Harvested Lymph Nodes During Colorectal Surgery
Dicle Medical Journal
Objective: The aim of this study is to evaluate the relationship between higher body mass index (BMI) and harvested total or metastatic lymph node numbers in patients who underwent surgery for colorectal cancers. 71patients who underwent laparoscopic or conventional surgery for colorectal cancer were evaluated retrospectively. The data of age, gender, BMI, surgical procedure, tumor localization , postoperative mortality status, total number of harvested and metastatic lymph node were collected.
... ode were collected. The patients having 24.9 (kg/m 2 ) or lower BMI values were classified as normal (Group 1) and patients having BMI values of 25 or over were overweight (Group 2). Afterwards, the parameters between groups and the effect of higher BMI were analyzed. Results: The mean age of the patients was 64.5 ± 14 years. The average BMI value in group 1 was 22.3 (kg/ m 2 ) and 27.0 (kg/m 2 ) in group 2. According to localisation of tumor, transverse colon was the rare region for both groups. The common regions for tumor localisation in group 1 were right colon, sigmoid colon and rectum. In group 2 the common localisation for tumors were rectum, right colon and sigmoid colon. There was no difference between groups about postoperative mortality rates (p > 0.05). The mean of the total number of harvested lymph nodes were 14 in group 1 and 12 in group 2. There were no relationship between BMI and tumor diameter, total or metastatic number of harvested lymph nodes. Conclusion: Higher BMI values does not effect the number of excised total or metastatic lymph nodes and tumor diameters. Therefore, the surgeons should not hesitate in overweight patients cancer surgery for dissecting adequate number of lymph nodes.