Overall safety and efficacy of high-dose and low-dose intravenous glucocorticoid therapy in patients with moderate-to-severe active Graves' ophthalmopathy
The objective of this study was to compare the safety and efficacy of high-dose and low-dose intravenous (iv) glucocorticoid (GC) therapy in patients with Graves' ophthalmopathy (GO) and to investigate which factors may help determine appropriate iv GC doses. The medical records of 43 patients who received different doses of iv GCs for GO were retrospectively reviewed. Twenty patients received high-dose iv GCs (HD group, cumulative dose 9.0-12.0 g) and 18 received low-dose iv GCs (LD group,
... GCs (LD group, cumulative dose 4.5 g). Five patients with previous treatment for GO were excluded. Changes in ophthalmic parameters after treatment and frequencies of adverse effects due to GCs of the 2 groups were compared. We also reviewed the incidence of GO progression and hepatic dysfunction after patients were discharged. We evaluated correlations among pretreatment (before treatment) ophthalmic parameters and investigated useful predictive factors for determining iv GC doses. There were no significant differences in ophthalmic parameters reflecting treatment efficacy or overall safety between the groups. Among baseline ophthalmic parameters, corrected signal intensity ratio (cSIR) correlated well with magnetic resonance imaging findings and were more strongly associated with changes in ophthalmic parameters after treatment in the HD group than in the LD group, indicating that pretreatment cSIR might be useful for determining iv GC doses. In conclusion, there were no significant differences in overall safety and efficacy between high-dose and low-dose iv GC therapy in patients with active GO. Further randomized clinical trials with longer observation periods are required to establish the optimal treatment regimen of GO.