Methodical Approach to Activation of Technical and Technological Component of Enterprise Innovation in the Conditions of Digital Transformation of Socio-Economic Systems
International journal of recent technology and engineering
The main focus in the development of socio-economic formations, and in particular industrial production, is shifted to the use of fundamentally new progressive technologies (built on the principles of the active use of environmentally friendly materials, safe ways of disposing of production and human wastes, non-waste production, material and energy efficiency and etc.), modern outputs with new consumer properties. The need to accelerating the processes of digitalization and digital
... digital transformation of the economy is proved in order to achieve competitive positions in the emerging digital space of the new world economy. At the theoretical and methodological level, it has been proved that the development and implementation of mechanisms for controlling the technical and technological component of innovation in the context of the digital transformation of socio-economic systems will contribute to increasing the strategic potential of subjects of the real sector of the economy, increasing their adaptive capabilities and strengthening competitive advantages. In the new economic conditions, all domestic economic entities aiming at stable functioning are forced to go through the process of digital transformation, which is understood as the introduction of modern technologies into the business processes of socio-economic systems at all levels. It implies not only the installation of modern equipment or software, but also fundamental changes in approaches to management, corporate culture, and external communications. As a result, the profitability and business activity of the enterprise increase and it gains a reputation as a progressive and modern organization. Digitalization issues for the innovative development of Ukrainian industry are the number one priority. They find a place in specifying the development strategies of the leading sectors of the national economy, especially export-oriented ones. They provide the flow of processes based on digital technologies. More and more digital products are emerging that provide digital, computing, telecommunications, and networking devices. At the same time, the digital economy is increasingly seen as a set of social relations that are formed as a result of the use of electronic technologies, as well as technologies to ensure the analysis of large volumes of information to optimize the processes of forecasting, planning, output and consumption of science intensive and high-tech products, as well as increasing the level of economic development of the country. The systematization of scientific work in the field of studying the factors influencing the innovative activity of an enterprise made it possible to develop the following classification of factors influencing the effectiveness of innovative processes, as well as to justify groups of factors (barriers) that impede the development and implementation of technological innovations in the context of structural changes in the global economy caused by its digitalization. A very important stage in the development of relevant indicators is the formation of the information area on which they are defined. First of all, it is about the content of the initial indicators and their indicators, which are able to assess the effectiveness of the implementation of technical and technological innovations in enterprises of the real sector of the economy, while they should be objective characteristics of the relevant influence factors and can be obtained on the basis of official statistical information. The definition of the integrated performance index for the introduction of technical and technological innovations in enterprises of the real sector of the economy in the context of structural changes in the world economy caused by its digitalization and the corresponding sub-indices in its structure is based on a four-level hierarchical model, i.e., the integrated performance indicator is a vector with the types of sub-indices components on influence factors. The developed hierarchical model allows us to build several types of sub-indices, differentially by hierarchy levels, for a deeper analysis of the current level of effectiveness of the introduction of technical and technological innovations in enterprises of the real sector of the economy in the context of structural changes in the world economy caused by its digitalization. This approach provides an opportunity to accurately determine the main factors (and the degree of their impact) that affect the effectiveness of the introduction of technical and technological innovations in enterprises of the real sector of the economy in the context of structural changes in the world economy caused by its digitalization and justify management decisions in the structure of the corresponding management mechanism. The practical implementation of the methodology for assessing the effectiveness of the innovative economy activating in the context of structural changes in the world economy caused by its digitalization is based on statistical data on the value of the relevant indicators (financial, economic, socio-economic, technical, technological, institutional and legal factors) for a certain period of time. This involves the use of official materials of the State Statistics Service of Ukraine, namely: structural statistics indicators for business entities, indicators of cost, availability and condition of fixed assets of enterprises of Ukraine by type of economic activity, capital investment by type and source of formation, indices of industrial products produced and sold and other technical and economic indicators of industrial enterprises. As the main directions of enhancing and development of technical and technological innovations of enterprises in the real sector of the economy in the context of structural changes in the world economy caused by its digitalization we should consider: effective state support of innovative programs for the development of production enterprises (especially export-oriented), attraction of venture capital , increasing the financial stability of the enterprise, increasing the flexibility of production processes, the use of advanced methods of organizing production, labor and enterprise management.