Author response: Functional evaluation of transposable elements as enhancers in mouse embryonic and trophoblast stem cells [peer_review]

Christopher D Todd, Özgen Deniz, Darren Taylor, Miguel R Branco
2019 unpublished
Transposable elements (TEs) are thought to have helped establish gene regulatory networks. Both the embryonic and extraembryonic lineages of the early mouse embryo have seemingly co-opted TEs as enhancers, but there is little evidence that they play significant roles in gene regulation. Here we tested a set of long terminal repeat TE families for roles as enhancers in mouse embryonic and trophoblast stem cells. Epigenomic and transcriptomic data suggested that a large number of TEs helped to
more » ... of TEs helped to establish tissue-specific gene expression programmes. Genetic editing of individual TEs confirmed a subset of these regulatory relationships. However, a wider survey via CRISPR interference of RLTR13D6 elements in embryonic stem cells revealed that only a minority play significant roles in gene regulation. Our results suggest that a subset of TEs are important for gene regulation in early mouse development, and highlight the importance of functional experiments when evaluating gene regulatory roles of TEs. Todd et al. eLife 2019;8:e44344.
doi:10.7554/elife.44344.sa2 fatcat:nnrl4m6ilfem3gvmkyd3xx3t7q