Hypothesis testing on invariant subspaces of the symmetric group: part I. Quantum Sanov's theorem and arbitrarily varying sources

J Nötzel
2014 Journal of Physics A: Mathematical and Theoretical  
We report a proof of the quantum Sanov Theorem by elementary application of basic facts about representations of the symmetric group, together with a complete characterization of the optimal error exponent in a situation where the null hypothesis is given by an arbitrarily varying quantum source instead. Our approach differs from previous ones in two points: First, it supports a reasoning inspired by the method of types. Second, the measurement scheme we propose to distinguish the two
more » ... h the two alternatives not only does that job asymptotically perfect, but also yields additional information about the null hypothesis. An example of that is given. The measurement is composed of projections onto permutation-invariant subspaces, thus providing a direct link between one of the most basic tasks in quantum information on the one hand side and fundamental objects in representation theory on the other. We additionally connect to representation theory by proving a relation between Kostka numbers and quantum states, and to state estimation via a generalization of a well-known spectral estimation theorem to non-i.i.d. sequences.
doi:10.1088/1751-8113/47/23/235303 fatcat:blj35ejxo5djlpghgqnpx4doly