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Background Selective deep biliary cannulation is the first and the most important step before further biliary therapy. Transpancreatic sphincterotomy(TPS), and needle knife fistulotomy(NKF) were commonly used in patients with difficult cannulation, but few studies compare the outcome between TPS and NKF.Methods A total of 78 patients who met the criteria of difficult cannulation in the National Taiwan University hospital from October 2015 to October 2017 were retrospectively reviewed. Theirdoi:10.21203/rs.2.15791/v3 fatcat:pdlisez23rc5tgxy3zbnajdyve