ANAEMIA AS A RISK FACTOR FOR MICROVASCULAR COMPLICATIONS IN TYPE 2 DM- A CROSS-SECTIONAL STUDY
English

Kamanuru Ethirajulu Govindarajulu, Arcot Thanjan Maaran, Parthasarathy Prathiba, Pillanallur Rajendran Sai Prashanth
2016 Journal of Evidence Based Medicine and Healthcare  
BACKGROUND It is well known that diabetes adversely affects the kidneys finally leading to anaemia by various mechanisms. Several studies had postulated that anaemia developing before renal complications has an independent association with microvascular complication in type 2 diabetic patients. The aim of the study is to estimate the prevalence of anaemia in persons with type 2 diabetes mellitus and its role as a risk factor for the presence and the severity of microvascular complication in a
more » ... complication in a populationbased study. Type 2 DM patients between the age group 20-60 years attending our diabetic clinic of both sex were included in our study. RESULTS From a total of 100 patients, 41% had anaemia including 34% with normochromic normocytic, 65.85% with hyperchromic microcytic anaemia and none of the patient had macrocytic anaemia. Patients who are anaemic had more frequent microvascular complications. There was no significant difference between males and females. The average duration of diabetes has a positive correlation with anaemia. All the microvascular complications like neuropathy, nephropathy and retinopathy had significant association with the presence of anaemia in type 2 patients. Nephropathy had a significant higher frequency compared to others as a complication in type 2 DM. CONCLUSION Our study shows that there is increased prevalence of anaemia in type 2 DM patients and the prevalence of microvascular complications is significantly higher among the diabetic patients with anaemia.
doi:10.18410/jebmh/2016/1012 fatcat:c6uttwbhqvhohpo7dqxqtxhjna