Comparing Some Ideas of Ibn Haldun and John Locke about the Epistemology from Some Aspects

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2010 Ankara Üniversitesi Eğitim Bilimleri Fakültesi Dergisi  
In this article some opinions of Ibn Haldun who lived at the end of the Middle Age and some opinions of John Locke who lived in the New Age about epistemology were tried to be compared from some aspects. For both thinkers, who have rejected the innatism and accepted the mind as a blank slate at first, the source of knowledge is senses and thought. According to Ibn Haldun, the knowledge's subject is universals, and according to Locke, the knowledge's subject is ideas and the relations between
more » ... elations between ideas. Ibn Haldun asserted that the perceptions about concretes are more reliable and far from fault than abstracts. Locke accepted that the intuitive knowledge is the most evident and reliable knowledge. SUMMARY This study aims to compare some ideas of Ibn Haldun (1332-1406) about epistemology, who lived at the end of the Middle Age, and some ideas of John Locke (1632-1704), who lived in the New Age. Ibn Haldun is generally accepted as a founder of the philosophy of history and one of the pioneers of the sociology. J. Locke, who has contributed to the 18 th century * Researcher,
doi:10.1501/egifak_0000001204 fatcat:fjmnwyst5na6fez6w2wu5buldi