A New Pansharpening Method Based on Spatial and Spectral Sparsity Priors

Xiyan He, Laurent Condat, Jose M. Bioucas-Dias, Jocelyn Chanussot, Junshi Xia
2014 IEEE Transactions on Image Processing  
The development of multisensor systems in recent years has led to great increase in the amount of available remote sensing data. Image fusion techniques aim at inferring high quality images of a given area from degraded versions of the same area obtained by multiple sensors. This paper focuses on pansharpening, which is the inference of a high spatial resolution multispectral image from two degraded versions with complementary spectral and spatial resolution characteristics: 1) a low spatial
more » ... olution multispectral image and 2) a high spatial resolution panchromatic image. We introduce a new variational model based on spatial and spectral sparsity priors for the fusion. In the spectral domain, we encourage low-rank structure, whereas in the spatial domain, we promote sparsity on the local differences. Given the fact that both panchromatic and multispectral images are integrations of the underlying continuous spectra using different channel responses, we propose to exploit appropriate regularizations based on both spatial and spectral links between panchromatic and fused multispectral images. A weighted version of the vector total variation norm of the data matrix is employed to align the spatial information of the fused image with that of the panchromatic image. With regard to spectral information, two different types of regularization are proposed to promote a soft constraint on the linear dependence between the panchromatic and fused multispectral images. The first one estimates directly the linear coefficients from the observed panchromatic and low-resolution multispectral images by linear regression while the second one employs the principal component pursuit to obtain a robust recovery of the underlying low-rank structure. We also show that the two regularizers are strongly related. The basic idea of both regularizers is that the Manuscript
doi:10.1109/tip.2014.2333661 pmid:24988595 fatcat:3z546remtfaphjfku5la4q3lmu