A simulation-optimization approach for assessing optimal wastewater load allocation schemes in the Three Gorges Reservoir, China
Environmental Systems Research
The Three Gorges Reservoir (TGR) has been facing deteriorated water quality issues since the construction of the Three Gorges Dam (TGD) in 1994. However, no previous studies have used a simulation-optimization assessment framework to examine the waste-load allocation patterns in the TGR area for alleviating its water pollution problem. In this study, a simulation-optimization modeling approach was developed for addressing this issue, through combining an environmental fluid dynamic code
... ased water quality simulation model and a waste-load allocation optimization model into a general framework. Results: The approach was applied to a TGR section (Changshou-Fuling section) for identifying the optimal waste-load allocation schemes among its 11 wastewater discharge outlets. Firstly, the EFDC model was run to simulate the water quality response in the receiving water body under a single discharge load scenario, and the simulated COD and NH 4 + -N concentrations were used to calculate the pollution mixing zone (PMZ), the pollution mixing zone per unit load (PMZPL), and sensitivity index (SI) pertaining to that outlet. These values were then used in the formulation of the waste-load allocation optimization model, with its objective being to maximize the environmental performance under constraints that existing waste discharge loads in terms of total wastewater amount, total pollutant mass, and existing PMZ size can't be exceeded. Conclusions: Modeling results give an optimal waste-load allocation ratio for each discharge outlet within the study section, and its implications to the reservoir water quality management were analyzed. It is anticipated that the develop approach can be extended to the entire TGR area for better water quality management studies and practices.