Sampling-based Falsification and Verification of Controllers for Continuous Dynamic Systems

Peng Cheng, Vijay Kumar
2008 The international journal of robotics research  
In this paper, we present a sampling-based verification algorithm for continuous dynamic systems with uncertainty due to adversaries, unmodeled disturbance inputs, unknown parameters, or initial conditions. The algorithm attempts to find inputs (and resulting trajectories) that falsify the specifications of the system thus providing examples of bad inputs to the system. The system is said to be verified if the algorithm cannot find falsifying inputs. The main contribution of the paper is the
more » ... lysis of the effects of discretization of the state and input spaces that are inherent to sampling-based techniques. We derive conditions that guarantee resolution completeness. These provide sufficient, although conservative, conditions for verifying Lipschitz continuous (but possibly non smooth) dynamic systems without known analytical solutions. We analyze the effects of transformations of the input and state space on these conditions. The main results of this paper are illustrated with several simple examples.
doi:10.1177/0278364908097582 fatcat:kubx4p7p4jheha5o32vxea4zfi