Short-term renoprotective effect of SGLT-2 inhibitor for renal function and albuminuria in type 2 diabetes
Background Progression of diabetic nephropathy in type 2 diabetic patients is a factor that determines the prognosis of life. Empagliflozin and canagliflozin, two oral diabetic SGLT-2 inhibitors, have shown improved renal outcomes in type 2 diabetic patients with chronic kidney disease in a large clinical study. These results suggest that SGLT-2 inhibitors could be used not only for hypoglycemic effects, but also for renal protective effects in patients with type 2 diabetes. It is not fully
... It is not fully understood in which contexts the use of SGLT-2 inhibitors is likely to exert its renal protective effects. The purpose of this study was to clarify the profiles of patients in whom SGLT-2 inhibitors are more likely to exert a renal protective effect in clinical practice. We examined renal function and urinary albumin changes in short-term use of SGLT-2 inhibitors by patient background. Methods We retrospectively analyzed the chart information of sixty-three type 2 diabetic patients (33 males, 30 females, average age 53.0 ± 13.0 years) who were given usual doses of a SGLT-2 inhibitor. We investigated changes in body weight, blood pressure, glucose metabolism index, lipid metabolism index, estimated glomerular filtration rate (eGFR) and albuminuria (urinary albumin-to-creatinine ratio, UACR) three months before and after administration of a SGLT-2 inhibitor. Results Three months after administration of an SGLT-2 inhibitor, there were improvements in glucose tolerance, weight loss, blood pressure, and lipid indices. In all cases, there was no significant change in eGFR, but UACR decreased significantly. UACR decreased regardless of Angiotensin II Receptor Blocker medication and significantly decreased in the nephropathy stage 2 and 3 groups. UACR decreased only in the group in which blood pressure, body weight, and HbA1c decreased before and after administration of the SGLT-2 inhibitor. Conclusions Our study shows that SGLT-2 inhibitors are independent of renin-angiotensin system (RAS) inhibitors, and in addition to direct renal protection, the comprehensive effects of SGLT-2 inhibitors, which lower body weight, blood pressure, and blood glucose, are also important for their renal protection effects.