Synthesis of TiO2–ZrO2 Mixed Oxides via the Alginate Route: Application in the Ru Catalytic Hydrogenation of Levulinic Acid to Gamma-Valerolactone

Agnieszka M. Ruppert, Pierre Agulhon, Jacek Grams, Malgorzata Wąchała, Joanna Wojciechowska, Dariusz Świerczyński, Thomas Cacciaguerra, Nathalie Tanchoux, Francoise Quignard
2019 Energies  
In this work, high surface area mono- and binary oxide materials based on zirconia and titania synthetized via the alginate route were applied as supports of ruthenium catalysts used in levulinic acid hydrogenation towards γ–valerolactone. The physicochemical properties of the catalysts were investigated using surface (like time-of-flight secondary ion mass spectrometry (ToF-SIMS), transmission electron microscopy (TEM)) and bulk techniques (temperature-programmed reduction (TPR), X-ray
more » ... TPR), X-ray diffraction (XRD)). The obtained results exhibited that the proposed synthesis method allows for modification of the shape, morphology, and surface properties of the studied materials. These catalysts were tested in levulinic acid hydrogenation, in which catalytic support is known to be crucial. The results revealed that the titania-supported catalyst was the most active in the reaction mentioned above, while the highest mechanical stability was observed for zirconia-supported materials.
doi:10.3390/en12244706 fatcat:ubxme35qcvfmvmmwnqfsco7dyq