Introduction of a Quality Management System for Vocational Education and Training in Slovakia
International Journal of Engineering Pedagogy (iJEP)
The issue of the quality of vocational education, schools, teaching and learning of students should be in the interest of all participants in the Slovakian education process. The quality of secondary school is the critical element in enhancing the attractiveness of vocational education in Slovakia. Finding an official scale that would provide such information of Slovakia is unfortunately impossible. There is no system for evaluating the quality of vocational education and training (VET) at
... ining (VET) at vocational schools. There are no clearly defined criteria, rules or standards. Speaking of assessing the level of quality of vocational education on the base of existing outcomes in formal education such as monitoring, final exams or graduation exams result in one-sided evaluation and does not address the systematic coherence and complexity of this issue. Essential steps to create a functional system of evaluation of VET in Slovakia must be taken. The article describes the importance of VET which can play a central role in preparing young people for work, developing the skills of adults and responding to the labor market needs of the economy. If presents a model of quality evaluation of the vocational education and training at secondary vocational schools in Slovakia that is currently going on at many secondary vocational schools in western Slovakia and Austria. The aim of the project is to develop and apply an open, flexible and adaptable quality management system. The article does not only present indicators for evaluation, but also the way how each of them can be evaluated. The effort of this project is also to create a specialized portal with support services that provide transparent, clear and specific information from this area of interest. The introduction of the evaluation framework, the selection of the indicators that take established criteria into consideration and the assembling of the scale are therefore more than relevant and required. Index Terms-evaluation, indicator of quality, quality, vocational education and training.