Predicting Electric Energy Consumption for a Jerky Enterprise
Energy and Power Engineering
Wholesale and retail markets for electricity and power require consumers to forecast electricity consumption at different time intervals. The study aims to increase economic efficiency of the enterprise through the introduction of algorithm for forecasting electric energy consumption unchanged in technological process. Qualitative forecast allows you to essentially reduce costs of electrical energy, because power cannot be stockpiled. Therefore, when buying excess electrical power, costs can
... power, costs can increase either by selling it on the balancing energy market or by maintaining reserve capacity. If the purchased power is insufficient, the costs increase is due to the purchase of additional capacity. This paper illustrates three methods of forecasting electric energy consumption: autoregressive integrated moving average method, artificial neural networks and classification and regression trees. Actual data from consuming of electrical energy was used to make day, week and month ahead prediction. The prediction effect of prediction model was proved in Statistica simulation environment. Analysis of estimation of the economic efficiency of prediction methods demonstrated that the use of the artificial neural networks method for short-term forecast allowed reducing the cost of electricity more efficiently. However, for midrange predictions, the classification and regression tree was the most efficient method for a Jerky Enterprise. The results indicate that calculation error reduction allows decreases expenses for the purchase of electric energy.