Prevalence of obesity in Kazakhstan

Roman Fursov, Oral Ospanov, Alexandr Fursov
2017 Australasian Medical Journal  
Obesity is a growing problem throughout the world, including Kazakhstan. However, the obesity rate in interconnection with diabetes and geographical features of the Kazakhstan, has not been investigated yet. Aims To scrutinize the spatial rates of obesity in various regions of Kazakhstan. Methods Investigations are epidemiological, continuous (covering the entire territory of the state). They are carried out by means of mass medical examination. In addition, the studies are descriptive
more » ... escriptive (descriptive-evaluative) and analytical. Statistic data have been selected in accordance with the following criteria: the diagnosed cases of obesity, diabetes, the demographic survey in the country during the last 5 years; the morbidity rate per 100,000 population. Results The population increase over 5 years of the research turned out to be over 1.3 million people or 7.97 per cent. The annual growth rate, on average, amounted to 1.59 per cent. The total morbidity for all classes of diseases listed in "ICD-10" over the five-year period increased only by 1 per cent. However, morbidity related to endocrinological disorders, malnutrition and metabolic disorders (E00-E89) increased significantly by 19.7 per cent. Conclusion The investigation revealed a stable growth in obesity, diabetes, metabolic and nutritional disorders. The annual increase in obesity rates during the study period amounted to 3.9 per cent. The highest correlation (Pearson) of obesity value and diabetes is (r, 0.96). South-Kazakhstan, Astana city and Almaty city were identified as the regions with the highest obesity rates. The identified regional features of obesity should help the healthcare system of Kazakhstan organize targeted arrangements to reduce the growth of this pathology. Implications for Practice: What is known about this subject? The obesity rate in interconnection with diabetes and geographical features of the Kazakhstan, has not been investigated yet. What new information is offered in this report? The investigation revealed a stable growth in obesity, diabetes, metabolic and nutritional disorders. 3. What are the implications for research, policy, or practice? The identified regional features of obesity should help the healthcare system of Kazakhstan organize targeted arrangements to reduce the growth of this pathology.
doi:10.21767/amj.2017.3169 fatcat:wwbcvjyxcbcv3echlynjvtyixa