Adsorption of Brilliant Green onto Luffa Cylindrical Sponge: Equilibrium, Kinetics, and Thermodynamic Studies

Olaseni Segun Esan, Oladoja Nurudeen Abiola, Olanrewaju Owoyomi, Christopher Olumuyiwa Aboluwoye, Medinat Olubunmi Osundiya
2014 ISRN Physical Chemistry  
The sponge of Luffa cylindrical (LFC), a fibrous material, was employed as adsorbent for the removal of Brilliant Green (BGD) from aqueous effluent via batch studies. The optimum removal of BGD was found at pH 8.2 and the equilibrium was attained within 3 hours. The kinetic data are analyzed using several models including pseudo-first-order, pseudo-second-order, power function, simple elovich, intraparticle diffusion, and liquid film diffusion. The fitting of the different kinetics models to
more » ... netics models to the experimental data, tested by error analysis, using the linear correlation coefficient r2 and chi-square analysis χ2, showed that the mechanism of adsorption process was better described by pseudo-second-order and power function kinetic models. The equilibrium isotherm data were analyzed using Langmuir, Freundlich, and Temkin models and the sorption process was described by the Langmuir isotherm with maximum monolayer adsorption capacity of 18.2 mg/g at 303 K. The thermodynamic properties ΔG0, ΔH0, and ΔS0 showed that adsorption of BGD onto LFC was spontaneous, endothermic, and feasible within the temperature range of 303–313 K.
doi:10.1155/2014/743532 fatcat:pwwy6bsqivh5hkfkwcca3c7pk4