The multicomponent KP hierarchy: differential Fay identities and Lax equations

Lee Peng Teo
2011 Journal of Physics A: Mathematical and Theoretical  
In this article, we show that four sets of differential Fay identities of an $N$-component KP hierarchy derived from the bilinear relation satisfied by the tau function of the hierarchy are sufficient to derive the auxiliary linear equations for the wave functions. From this, we derive the Lax representation for the $N$-component KP hierarchy, which are equations satisfied by some pseudodifferential operators with matrix coefficients. Besides the Lax equations with respect to the time variables
more » ... the time variables proposed in \cite{2}, we also obtain a set of equations relating different charge sectors, which can be considered as a generalization of the modified KP hierarchy proposed in \cite{3}.
doi:10.1088/1751-8113/44/22/225201 fatcat:22wd7iscijfgzl56jeuhz6vzbm