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Simulations of solid particles in a highly compressible gas flow in the high velocity oxy-fuel (HVOF) process are presented. The Eulerian formulation is used for the gas flow, and the particle phase is modeled by the Lagrangian method. Effects of attaching a cylindrical shroud to the end of the supersonic HVOF nozzle on gas and particle flows are analyzed. We found that the shroud significantly reduces the oxygen content in the field by protecting the supersonic jet from ambient airdoi:10.1016/s1468-6996(02)00023-2 fatcat:zx4242wqhrau5aktc3m2ygp7fi