Prevalence of Fowl Glioma-Inducing Virus in Chickens of Zoological Gardens in Japan and Nucleotide Variation in the env Gene

Hitoshi HATAI, Kenji OCHIAI, Mariko MURAKAMI, Syunsuke IMANISHI, Yukiko TOMIOKA, Takeshi TOYODA, Kazuhiko OHASHI, Takashi UMEMURA
2008 Journal of Veterinary Medical Science  
Fowl glioma-inducing virus (FGV), which belongs to subgroup A of avian leukosis virus (ALV), is tumorigenic in the nervous system. In a zoological garden in Japan, approximately 40% of chickens, including Japanese fowls, were infected with FGV. Because this zoological garden plays a role as a major supplier of Japanese fowl for other zoological gardens, FGV infection is suspected to have spread among ornamental chickens. In this study, the prevalence of the disease was examined in a total of
more » ... ed in a total of 129 chickens in three other zoological gardens by nested polymerase chain reaction (PCR), reverse transcription nested PCR and enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay. Twenty-six to 56 percent of the fowls in each of the examined gardens were positive by nested PCR. The phylogenetic analysis revealed that the 3' untranslated region, including the specific sequence of FGV, of the 14 isolated ALVs showed high sequence identity and a close relationship with FGV. In addition, the env gene of the isolates frequently showed mutations and deletions of nucleotides. These results suggest that FGV is prevalent among ornamental chickens kept in zoological gardens in Japan.
doi:10.1292/jvms.70.469 pmid:18525168 fatcat:sx32wpxg6fhobc5cnlbstwewtq