Thermal Stability of CrWN Glass Molding Coatings after Vacuum Annealing

Xinfang Huang, Zhiwen Xie, Kangsen Li, Qiang Chen, Yongjun Chen, Feng Gong
2020 Coatings  
CrWN glass molding coatings were deposited by plasma enhanced magnetron sputtering (PEMS). The microstructure and thermal stability of these coatings were investigated by X-ray diffraction, X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy, scanning electron microscope, transmission electron microscope, atomic force microscope and nanoindentation tests. The as-deposited coating exhibited an aggravated lattice expansion resulting in a constant hardness enhancement. The vacuum annealing induced surface coarsening
more » ... surface coarsening and the spinodal decomposition of the coating accompanied by the formation of nm-sized c-CrN, c-W2N, and h-WN domains. The annealed coating with low W content had mainly a face-centered cubic (f.c.c) matrix, strain fields caused by lattice mismatch caused hardness enhancement. Following an increase in W content, the annealed coating showed a mixed face-centered cubic (f.c.c) and hexagonal close-packed (h.c.p) matrix. The large volume fraction of h-WN phases seriously weakened the coating strengthening effect and caused an obvious drop in hardness.
doi:10.3390/coatings10030198 fatcat:lpgcl7v7zvh3znjsj7poyw6qne