Classification and Evaluation of Concepts for Improving the Performance of Applied Energy System Optimization Models

Cao, von Krbek, Wetzel, Cebulla, Schreck
2019 Energies  
Energy system optimization models used for capacity expansion and dispatch planning are established tools for decision-making support in both energy industry and energy politics. The ever-increasing complexity of the systems under consideration leads to an increase in mathematical problem size of the models. This implies limitations of today's common solution approaches especially with regard to required computing times. To tackle this challenge many model-based speed-up approaches exist which,
more » ... oaches exist which, however, are typically only demonstrated on small generic test cases. In addition, in applied energy systems analysis the effects of such approaches are often not well understood. The novelty of this study is the systematic evaluation of several model reduction and heuristic decomposition techniques for a large applied energy system model using real data and particularly focusing on reachable speed-up. The applied model is typically used for examining German energy scenarios and allows expansion of storage and electricity transmission capacities. We find that initial computing times of more than two days can be reduced up to a factor of ten while having acceptable loss of accuracy. Moreover, we explain what we mean by "effectiveness of model reduction" which limits the possible speed-up with shared memory computers used in this study.
doi:10.3390/en12244656 fatcat:ev2fmec4uzg6petoon4hpbnhgq