High-order Magnetohydrodynamics for Astrophysics with an Adaptive Mesh Refinement Discontinuous Galerkin Scheme

Thomas Guillet, Rüdiger Pakmor, Volker Springel, Praveen Chandrashekar, Christian Klingenberg
2019 Monthly notices of the Royal Astronomical Society  
Modern astrophysical simulations aim to accurately model an ever-growing array of physical processes, including the interaction of fluids with magnetic fields, under increasingly stringent performance and scalability requirements driven by present-day trends in computing architectures. Discontinuous Galerkin methods have recently gained some traction in astrophysics, because of their arbitrarily high order and controllable numerical diffusion, combined with attractive characteristics for high
more » ... rformance computing. In this paper, we describe and test our implementation of a discontinuous Galerkin (DG) scheme for ideal magnetohydrodynamics in the AREPO-DG code. Our DG-MHD scheme relies on a modal expansion of the solution on Legendre polynomials inside the cells of an Eulerian octree-based AMR grid. The divergence-free constraint of the magnetic field is enforced using one out of two distinct cell-centred schemes: either a Powell-type scheme based on nonconservative source terms, or a hyperbolic divergence cleaning method. The Powell scheme relies on a basis of locally divergence-free vector polynomials inside each cell to represent the magnetic field. Limiting prescriptions are implemented to ensure non-oscillatory and positive solutions. We show that the resulting scheme is accurate and robust: it can achieve high-order and low numerical diffusion, as well as accurately capture strong MHD shocks. In addition, we show that our scheme exhibits a number of attractive properties for astrophysical simulations, such as lower advection errors and better Galilean invariance at reduced resolution, together with more accurate capturing of barely resolved flow features. We discuss the prospects of our implementation, and DG methods in general, for scalable astrophysical simulations.
doi:10.1093/mnras/stz314 fatcat:6g4znbcpgre2jkzn2af6jqt344